Green peas are not vegetables but belong to a legume family that consists of plants, pods, and seeds inside. Green peas are known to be cultivated for 10000 years. In the mid-19th century, Austrian monk Gregor Mendel's observations of pea pods led to the principles of Mendelian genetics, the foundation of modern genetics. He grew and examined about 28,000 pea plants in the course of his experiments.
Green peas have low calories and high fiber. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins, and antioxidants. Its high protein and fiber help in metabolism and help in weight loss. The low glycemic index helps control blood sugar levels. Fiber also helps digestive health. It has several properties that prevent and treats chronic diseases. One serving of peas contains as much Vitamin C as two large apples and more fiber than a slice of whole bread. Green peas do have some anti-nutrients that may cause bloating and digestive problems. However, care can be taken by consuming small portions and having them fully cooked.